Dutch-Caribbean, Surinam & South Africa

Disclaimers:

  • These charts are NOT meant to be taken as an absolute or definitive display of ethnic origins for modernday populations!
  • Ethnic labels given by Europeans do NOT per se reflect how the slaves would have self-identified themselves! (see this article for more discussion)
  • Take note of the sample size, time period, region and any other details given to familiarize yourself with the CONTEXT of the chart!
  • Even if limited in scope, valuable information can still be obtained if you look for the patterns!
  • Sorry for all the exclamation marks 😉 It’s just that i’ve seen these kind of charts being misinterpreted so many times, not only online but also by trained historians. Which is a shame really because misleading conclusions can easily be avoided if you just take these charts for what they are: a randomized subset of slaves who might provide us with extra clues about the ethnic composition of other slaves during a given time period and for a given place/region. All depending on how representative the samples might have been.

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Dutch slave trade in general

Estimated Dutch slave exports per African region, 1596-1829 
Source:  “Slave Trading and Slavery in the Dutch Colonial Empire: a global comparison”, (R. van Welie, 2008)

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Table 2 Estimated Dutch slave exports per African region, 1596-1829 (Welie, 2008)

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Estimated Dutch slave imports per African region, 1596-1829 
Source:  “Slave Trading and Slavery in the Dutch Colonial Empire: a global comparison”, (R. van Welie, 2008)

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Table 3 Estimated Dutch slave imports per African region, 1596-1829 (Welie, 2008)

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Estimated slave imports into Dutch colonies during the 1700’s/1800’s
Source:  “Slave Trading and Slavery in the Dutch Colonial Empire: a global comparison”, (R. van Welie, 2008)

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Table 7 Estimated slave imports into Dutch colonies ( Welie, 2008)

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West African slave trade by MCC (Middelburg Commerce Compagnie) , 1740-1803
Source: The Slave Trade from the Windward Coast – The Case of the Dutch, 1740–1805 (Vos, 2010)

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Regional distribution of slave purchases in the MCC Guinea trade, 1740-1803 (Vos, 2010)

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West African slave trade by MCC (Middelburg Commerce Compagnie) , 1740-1803
Source: The Slave Trade from the Windward Coast – The Case of the Dutch, 1740–1805 (Vos, 2010)

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Ten most important places of purchase in the MCC Guinea Trade, 1740-1803 (72 voyages) (Vos, 2010)

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West African slave trade by MCC (Middelburg Commerce Compagnie) , 1740-1803
Source: The Slave Trade from the Windward Coast – The Case of the Dutch, 1740–1805 (Vos, 2010)

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Age & Gender distribution among slaves in the MCC Guinea Trade, 1740-1803 (72 voyages)

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Surinam

Slave Trade to Surinam, incl. the “Rice Coast” (doesn’t add up to 100%…)
For more details read: “ROOTS.NL (S1E2) – Searching for Gold (Exploring Ethnic Possibilities: the Sokko)

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Dutch Caribbean

Slave Census
For more details read  ”

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South Africa

African
For more details read

 

 

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