Trinidad Slave Census of 1813
Number of slaves 25,696
Creole (i.e born in the West Indies) 11,633 (45% of total)
African 13,984 (54% of total)
African specified ethnically/regionally 13,391 (52% of total)
BREAKDOWN OF AFRICAN BORN SLAVES
Ibo (Nigeria) 2,861 – 21% of African specified
Congo (Congo) 2,449 – 18% of African specified
Moco (Nigeria/Cameroon) 2,234 – 17% of African specified
***(click to enlarge picture)
In the previous post I already discussed the following:
- “Creole” can mean many more things than just referring to Louisiana Creoles.
- Cape Verdean Creoles/Crioulos are probably the historically oldest self-identified Creole population in the world.
- In the colonial era the term “Creole” was also used to distinguish between African born slaves and locally born (within the European ruled colonies) slaves.
- The dating of the socalled Creolization process/transition is fundamental for tracing back African ethnic roots.
I will continue this discussion but in this post I will apply it more generally for Afro-descendants in the Americas and in more detail for African Americans. Continue reading